Because it involves the use of external labour on Terna worksites, contract work is subject to even more stringent rules regarding qualification and management. This is due to both the severity of Italian law and Terna’s particularly cautious approach.

One of its most important provisions is the obligation to carry out an analytical assessment of the risks regarding the health and safety of the workers of contracting and subcontracting firms for all the activities that constitute the work process on the site. This risk analysis must be made by an external expert. It should be emphasised that the resulting estimate of the costs of the safety measures to be adopted is excluded from the price competition for the award of a contract.

With the objective of further reducing the risks regarding contract work safety, Terna requires additional certification for the employees of the contracting firms, such as:

  • certification that the employee knows Italian and thus can understand the information provided regarding safety on the worksite;
  • on worksites for the construction of overhead lines, certification that all workers have seen and have been appropriately trained in the use of personal protection devices, the risks described in the Worksite Safety Plan (PSC) and the Operating Safety Plan (POS) drawn up by Terna, and the measures for protecting the environment established by the specific operating procedure “Management of the Environmental Aspects during the Construction of Plants”, which is attached to every contract;
  • for several specific roles Terna requires proof that they have attended specific training courses lasting between 24 and 32 hours and planned in cooperation with training institutes specialised in the electricity industry and SINCERT certified according to the content required by Terna; 
  • the appointment of persons responsible for health, protection, and prevention (RSPP), worksite safety, and emergency management (and the latter’s substitute), as well as the competent doctor.

In order to reduce to a minimum the risk of infractions of human and labour rights to the detriment of the employees of contracting companies, Terna also requires:Snowy mountains

  • a declaration stating the collective bargaining agreement applied to the company’s employees;
  • certification that the company duly pays its contributions;
  • a copy of the insurance policy covering damage to third parties, persons, and things, including those owned by the contractor, for the entire duration of the work and for a sum that is appropriate for the kind of work in question;
  • periodic copies of the national insurance payments made;
  • certification by the competent doctor that the employees are suitable for the tasks assigned them.

During 2009 and the first few months of 2010 – the project is still in progress – 66 worksites for the construction of transmission lines and stations throughout Italy, about one-third of the total entrusted to contracting firms, were inspected.

The duration of the work was considered in the selection of the worksites, with work that takes longer probably being more complex.