Society and local communities

Consultation with local governments

Terna’s approach to local communities, which comes into play especially when it plans to construct new lines – on which see the chapter on environmental responsibility – consists in engaging the local institutions concerned, such as regional and municipal governments, park administrations etc. This process includes listening to the opinions of stakeholders and the pursuit of a consensual solution for the location of the new infrastructure and the reorganisation of already existing infrastructure. Discussion between Terna and local institutions involves about twenty employees from the Institutional Affairs Department, who dedicate their time to institutional meetings and joint inspections with all the bodies concerned. This activity is intense, because the process that precedes and accompanies the authorisation for the construction of new works is very complex.

The process before the authorisation procedure begins includes six stages, which entail the following activities:

  • meetings to define and formalise the cooperation as part of the Strategic Environmental

    New lines

  • meetings to define a system of criteria for analysing the area and choosing the alternatives with less impact;
  • meetings to apply the criteria to the specific area and identify the corridor where the work will be constructed;
  • meetings to establish the band of feasibility in the corridor and formalise the related protocols of understanding;
  • meetings to define and formalise agreements on compensations;
  • meetings with municipal councils to present the consensual location and the content of the agreements.

The authorisation process, which takes place through service conferences, lasts an average of two years.

The extent to which stakeholders concerned participate in the decisions regarding energy planning and infrastructure development, as well as the results of such involvement, are summarised in the table on the following page.




Trino-Lacchiarella380-kVi electric line.c. 100 km20042 regions (Lombardy and Piedmont); 2 provinces (Pavia, Vercelli); 34 municipalities (26 in Lombardy and 8 in Piedmont); 2 Parks (Parco Agricolo Sud Milan, Parco Lombardo della Valle del Ticino).

About 200 including about 40 in 2009. 

Colugna-Calenzano380-kV electric line.87 kmJan. 20072 regions (Emilia Romagna and Tuscany); 12 municipalities (9 in Emilia Romagna and 3 in Tuscany).

36 including none in 2009. 

Rationalisation HV grid in Umbria132-kV lines (new work on, upgrading, and reclassifications of existing lines).c. 160 kmFeb. 22, 20081 region, province, and municipality.

10 technical ones, including 1 in 2009. 

New station north of Bologna380/132-kv station and links.i
  • 35 km of overhead links;
  • 20 km of demolitions;
  • 16 km of 132-kV cable.
Jan. 20071 region, 2 municipalities.

12 including 6 in 2009.

Rationalisation Arezzo


380-kV line, demolition of existing 220-kV and 132-kV segments.
  • 50 km (380-kV line);
  • 40 km of demolitions.
June 19, 20091 region, 5 municipalities.

15 including 12 in 2009. 

Fano-Teramo380-kV line
2 380-kV stations.
c. 190 kmJan. 26, 20062 regions, 6 provinces, and 61 municipalities29 tecnical ones, including 12 in 2009 

Reorganisation of Rome (also includes work by ACEA)

380-kV line,
new 380/150-kV station.


  • 165 km of demolitions;
  • 100 km of new overhead construction;
  • 67 km of underground cable.
Sep. 2008 (to update the protocol signed in 2007).
Lazio Region, municipality of Rome, Administration of Veio Regional Park, Romanatura (regional body).

15, including 10 in 2009. 

Foggia-Villanova380-kV line.c. 180 kmJune 3, 20073 regions, 3 provinces, and 11 municipalities18 technical ones, including 8 in 2009.
Reorganisation of grid in Northern Calabria (Pollino)
  • New 380/150-kV Aliano (MV) transformation station;
  • maintenance work on 380-kV Laino- Rossano link while in operation.
  • Demolition of c. 90 km of 220-kV and 150-kV lines;
  • construction of new overhead lines (5.5 km) and new lines in underground cable (25 km);
  • declassification of about146 km of 220-kV lines
June 5, 20072 regions, 1 national park (to demolish about 66 km inside the Pollino National Park), 7 municipalities.20 technical ones, including none in 2009.


Reorganisation of grid in Northern Calabria (Laino-Altomonte II)380-kV simple-circuit linec. 8 kmJuly 26, 20071 region, 4 municipalities20 technical ones, including 12 in 2009.
Cross-Calabria line380-kV simple-circuit linec. 9 kmJuly 26, 20071 region, 3 municipalities10 technical ones, including none in 2009.
  • 380-kV double-circuit line;
  • new 380/150- kV station.
65 kmSep. 26, 20061 region, 3 provinces, 23 municipalities.i15 technical ones + about 100 single meetings at the EE.LL. involved, including 20 in 2009. 
Candela link
380-kV simple-circuit line.c. 30 kmJuly 20082 regions, 2 provinces, 5 municipalities6 technical, including 4 in 2009. 
Chiaramonte Gulfi-Ciminna380-kV electric line.160 – 180 kmNov. 30, 20061 region, 6 provinces, 11 municipalities.21 technical, including 8 in 2009 
Paternò-Priolo380-kV electric line.c. 60 kmMar. 20071 region, 2 provinces, 8 municipalities10 technical, including 8 in 2009. 

Finally, mention should be made of the public opinion survey conducted in October 2009 by the ISPO (Institute for Public Opinion Studies) on Elba in a period of growing opposition to the construction of a work already completely authorised: the “San Giuseppe-Portoferraio” line. Conducted on a representative sample of 1,000 people, the survey revealed that Terna needs to provide more information on its projects and works.